Unit 4 - Promises & Paradoxes

Why this Unit?
This teaching unit will help students understand the promises and paradoxes that the recent past and near future holds for the people of Earth. The unit establishes three major trends that manifested and continue to manifest.
 
The first trend was that global populations exploded. Despite efforts by some countries to limit population growth, the fact remains that the world's population is rapidly-increasing. While the reasons for population growth can be seen in a positive light (increased agricultural/food production and better health care), the negatives maybe far reaching from: strain on natural resources; extreme competition for fewer jobs; increased urbanization; and, conflicts betweens the "haves" and the "have-nots" as well as urban and rural populations.
 
The second major trend is the role that technology has/is played/playing in revolutionizing communication and transportation. Computers went from taking up acreage to microscopic. Almost every gizmo or gadget has some level of computer technology. Four key laws of technology (although some critics still see these as theories due to lack of time to analyze) suggest that the growth of technology will accelerate exponentially.
 
The third trend is that global shifts in social, economic, and political arrangements have and will continue to occur. Combined with the previous two trends it suggests that the future shifts will be significant as the roles of women will be revised; power balances will shift; commerical organizations will increase and broaden their power base; and, natural disasters will continue to occur.
 
The future is that which is yet to happen. So, by the time you have read this, the next second will quickly be the future that has passed into the past. While we can predict the future and our accuracy judged by future historians, there is no escaping the fact that whatever will happen, will have it roots securely in the past. Thus, we build our future on the achievements and failures of our predecessors.
Enduring Understandings: 
  • Scientific and technological innovations have had global implications.
  • Ideals of freedom, equality, justice, and citizenship have changed over time and across societies.
  • Increasing global economic interdependence defines/redefines political and economic alliances.
  • Migration, trade, and wars lead to the diffusion of language, religion, customs, ideals, and changes in economic and governmental policies.
    • Interacting cultures create social, political, economic, and cultural change.
    • Technology can be used to modify the physical environment but may cause negative environmental effects.
Essential Questions:

1.  How do we, as a global community, address the needs of ALL people?
NCSCOS Goals & Clarifying Objectives:
7.H.1 - Use historical thinking to analyze various societies.
  • 7.H.1.1 - Construct charts, graphs, and historical narratives to explain particular events or issues over time.
  • 7.H.1.2 - Summarize the literal meaning of historical documents in order to establish context.
  • 7.H.1.3 - Use primary and secondary sources to interpret various historical perspectives.
7.H.2 - Understand the implications of global interactions.
  • 7.H.2.1 - Analyze the effects of social, economic, military, and political conflict among nations, regions, and groups.
  • 7.H.2.2 - Evaluate the effectiveness of cooperative efforts and consensus building among nations, regions, and groups.
  • 7.H.2.3 - Explain how increased global interaction accelerates the pace of innovation in modern societies.
  • 7.H.2.4 - Analyze the economic, political, and social impacts of disease in modern societies.
7.G.1 - Understand how geography, demographic trends, and environmental conditions shape modern societies and regions.
  • 7.G.1.1 - Explain how environmental conditions and human response to those conditions influence modern societies and regions.
  • 7.G.1.2 - Explain how demographic trends lead to conflict, negotiation, and compromise in modern socieites and regions.
  • 7.G.1.3 - Explain how natural disasters, preservation efforts, and human modification of the environment affect modern societies and regions.
7.G.2 - Apply the tools of a geographer to understand societies and regions.
  • 7.G.2.1 - Construct maps, charts, and graphs to explain data about geographic phenomena.
  • 7.G.2.2 - Use maps, charts, graphs, geographic data, and available technology tools to interpret and draw conclusions about social, economic, and environmental issues in modern societies and regions.
7.E.1 - Understand the economic activities of societies and regions.
  • 7.E.1.1 - Explain how competition for resources affects the economic relationships among nations.
  • 7.E.1.2 - Explain the implications of economic decisions in national and international affairs.
  • 7.E.1.3 - Summarize the main characteristics of various economic systems.
  • 7.E.1.4 - Explain how personal financial decision-making impacts quality of life.
7.C.&G.1 - Understand the development of government in modern societies and regions.
  • 7.C.&G.1.1 - Summarize the ideas that have shaped political thought in various societies and regions.
  • 7.C.&G.1.2 - Evaluate how the Western concept of democracy has influenced the political ideas of modern societies.
  • 7.C.&G.1.3 - Compare the requirements for and responsibilities of citizenship under various governments in modern societies.
  • 7.C.&G.1.4 - Compare the sources of power and governmental authority in various societies.
7.C.1 - Understand how cultural values influence relationships between individuals, groups and political entities in modern societies and regions.
  • 7.C.1.1 - Explain how culture unites and divides modern societies and regions.
  • 7.C.1.2 - Explain how cultural expressions influence modern societies.
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