2. Major Political Systems

Power is the influence and control that one person or a group of people have on another person or group of people. In your own home, someone is "in-charge." This person or people set the rules, policies, and procedures for the family. They also determine the consequences when the rules, policies, or procedures are violated. They hold the power and form the power structure of the family.
In larger cultural groups, the rules, policies, and procedures are determined by the government - the power holders within a culture. Governments have four major responsibilities:
  • creation of laws;
  • enforcement of laws;
  • interpretation of laws; and,
  • protection of the citizenry.
Essential Questions:
  1. What is a government?
  2. What are the different forms of government and how do they impact the lives of the people?
  3. How do governments develop?
  4. How are leaders selected, appointed, etc?
  5. What role does the citizens play in the selection of their leaders, creation of laws, etc.?
  6. What form of government is most effective in responding to the needs of its citizens?
  7. Which is more important, the rights of one citizen or the rights of the citizenry?
  8. What is freedom and how is it defined by various countries?
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