Unit 2 - An Age of Revolutions (1700's-early 1900's)

Why this Unit?
This teaching unit will help students understand the Age of Revolutions from 1700's - early 1900's. Leaders of the Enlightenment brought about a Scientific Revolution that encouraged experimentation and the sharing of ideas. As a result of new understandings and humanistic beliefs, man's relationship with nature, man's relationship with man, and man's relationship to the government were redefined. The redefined relationships led to major political and societal changes as evidenced by the English Revolutions (Puritan Revolt and the Glorious Revolution), the American Revolution, and the French Revolution.
The Industrial Revolution began as man shifted from human/animal power to machines powered by water and fossil fuels. Interchangeable parts and assembly lines propelled the industrial revolution. Factories could more quickly and efficiently mass produce goods and required a great deal of labor to man and repair the machines. Class distinctions and social status became more mobile through the market economies.
The revolutions created new international alliances. Treaties guaranteed political, military, and economic support that would serve as the foundation for the international conflicts of the 1900's. However, many countries chose isolationism and independence from European trading companies and these isolationist policies also escalated the conflicts of the 1900's.
Enduring Understandings: 
  • Ideals of freedom, equality, justice, and citizenship have changed over time and across societies.
  • Migration, trade, and wars lead to the diffusion of language, religioin, customs, ideals, and changes in economic and governmental policies.
  • Efforts to improve social, political, and economic conditions may result in changes within these systems.
  • Cultural change occurs by diffusion, invention, innovation, and necessity.
    • The study of political, social and economic patterns reveals continuity and change over time.
    • People respond to and resolve conflicts in a variety of ways.
Essential Questions: 1.  How does change happen in society and what are the ramifications?
NCSCOS Goals & Clarifying Objectives:
7.H.1 - Use historical thinking to analyze various societies.
  • 7.H.1.1 - Construct charts, graphs, and historical narratives to explain particular events or issues over time.
  • 7.H.1.2 - Summarize the literal meaning of historical documents in order to establish context.
  • 7.H.1.3 - Use primary and secondary sources to interpret various historical perspectives.
7.H.2 - Understand the implications of global interactions.
  • 7.H.2.1 - Analyze the effects of social, economic, military, and political conflict among nations, regions, and groups.
  • 7.H.2.2 - Evaluate the effectiveness of cooperative efforts and consensus building among nations, regions, and groups.
  • 7.H.2.3 - Explain how increased global interaction accelerates the pace of innovation in modern societies.
  • 7.H.2.4 - Analyze the economic, political, and social impacts of disease in modern societies.
7.G.1 - Understand how geography, demographic trends, and environmental conditions shape modern societies and regions.
  • 7.G.1.1 - Explain how environmental conditions and human response to those conditions influence modern societies and regions.
  • 7.G.1.2 - Explain how demographic trends lead to conflict, negotiation, and compromise in modern socieites and regions.
  • 7.G.1.3 - Explain how natural disasters, preservation efforts, and human modification of the environment affect modern societies and regions.
7.G.2 - Apply the tools of a geographer to understand societies and regions.
  • 7.G.2.1 - Construct maps, charts, and graphs to explain data about geographic phenomena.
  • 7.G.2.2 - Use maps, charts, graphs, geographic data, and available technology tools to interpret and draw conclusions about social, economic, and environmental issues in modern societies and regions.
7.E.1 - Understand the economic activities of societies and regions.
  • 7.E.1.1 - Explain how competition for resources affects the economic relationships among nations.
  • 7.E.1.2 - Explain the implications of economic decisions in national and international affairs.
  • 7.E.1.3 - Summarize the main characteristics of various economic systems.
  • 7.E.1.4 - Explain how personal financial decision-making impacts quality of life.
7.C.&G.1 - Understand the development of government in modern societies and regions.
  • 7.C.&G.1.1 - Summarize the ideas that have shaped political thought in various societies and regions.
  • 7.C.&G.1.2 - Evaluate how the Western concept of democracy has influenced the political ideas of modern societies.
  • 7.C.&G.1.3 - Compare the requirements for and responsibilities of citizenship under various governments in modern societies.
  • 7.C.&G.1.4 - Compare the sources of power and governmental authority in various societies.
7.C.1 - Understand how cultural values influence relationships between individuals, groups and political entities in modern societies and regions.
  • 7.C.1.1 - Explain how culture unites and divides modern societies and regions.
  • 7.C.1.2 - Explain how cultural expressions influence modern societies.
 Resources:  Discovery Education Streaming Videos
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