Grades K-5

Chronological thinking refers to the way that historians make sense of events by placing them in their order of occurrence in time. 

Cultural values are the behaviors and beliefs characteristic of a particular social, ethnic, or age group. 

Diversity is referred to as having or being composed of a variety of different elements i.e. cultural and ethnic background, race, gender values and beliefs, and socioeconomic status

Fair Play is the respect for the rules or equal treatment of all concerned.

Founding Father refers to a person who founds or establishes an important institution

Geographic Representation consist primarily of maps and also include globes, graphs, diagrams, aerial and other photographs, and satellite-produced images.

Historical figure is a person from the past who has made a significant and lasting impact on society both during his/her time and/or in the present

Historical thinking is a complex set of processes that historians use in order to analyze events in the past.  These processes include the reading, analysis, and writing that is necessary to develop an accurate understanding of historical events and situations so that historians can construct narratives that are as accurate as possible.  Engaging in this complex process is known as historical inquiry.

Life events are any major change in a person’s circumstances that affects interpersonal relationships and/or work-related, leisure or recreational activities

Multiple perspectives, in historical analysis and interpretation, entails viewing history through the lens of many different viewpoints, representations and roles in order to create the most accurate historical narrative that encompasses differing and sometimes heterogeneous points of view.

Primary sources provide a first-hand account or direct evidence concerning a topic under investigation. They are created by witnesses or recorders who actually experienced the events or conditions being documented. While these sources are often created at the time when the events or conditions are occurring, primary sources may also include autobiographies, memoirs, and oral histories recorded later.  Some other examples of primary sources are letters, diaries, maps, drawings, laws, and statutes.

Productivity, as an economic concept, is a measure of the efficiency of production that represents a ratio of production output to what is required to product it or production inputs.

Responsibilities are those duties or obligations that come with being a citizen of a nation.   

Rights, as guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution, are those fundamental freedoms and guarantees that come with being a citizen and for which the government is legally obligated to protect and uphold. 

Rule of Law refers to the principle that every member of society, even a ruler or ones who govern, must obey the law and are subject to the same laws.

Secondary sources pertain to those sources that historians use to interpret and reconstruct the past that are the interpretations of events and developments that are not first-hand observations.

Supply and demand is a major economic concept that, in a market economy, helps to determine the price of goods and services.  Supply is the quantities of a good or service that a firm is willing and able to make available for sale at different prices.  Demand refers to the quantities of a good or serve that a buyer is willing and able to purchase at different prices.

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